Relief-Bowl Costio from Clay, Terra Sigillata.
This bowl has been produced in long and complex procedures of handcraft in Germany and now shows an enjoyable contrast to many of the imported and machine-made products on the market.
The quality, the accuracy and the pleasure of manufacturing in traditional kind and in copying true to original, are visible and convincing.
Clay from the German region Rheinzabern with the aid of slip builds the rough material for this high-class product. The clay is prepared in old Roman style without the use of filter-presses.
After the preparation the clay is thrown on the potter’s wheel or is turned in form bowls.
At the status of being leathery the pieces are decorated in a typical way.
This kind of pictured bowls has been used during the second half of the 2nd Century up to the 3rd Century for serving and storing food, but also as a mixing vessel for water and wine.
Height: approx. 15.5 cm
Weight: approx. 1.5 kg
Circumference widest part: approx. 75 cm
Terra Sigillata hasn’t been used as everyday’s tableware but only for special occasions.Only a few shapes like bowls, plates, cups as well as beakers and jars were used as eating- and drinking-tableware.
Terra Sigillata (sealed earth/ clay bearing little images) is high-class tableware with a red, silk- shimmering surface. Behind silver and bronze this fine pottery was the most representative crockery.
At the times of the Roman Empire the yearly production expanded to more than one million exemplars,which were exported to Germania libera, Britannia and even to
the Black Sea.
Archaeologists get valuable knowledge about the opulence of forms and decorations of the crockery and about the names of the potters, who sometimes stamped their works, out of jars that couldn’t stand the quality check and were
thrown into the rubbish pits.
These items were basically formed without any decoration.
Chip carving Sigillata
The decoration had been cut with different cutting tools into the surface.
Sigillata with Barboutine-Paintings
Slip decoration was painted onto the leather-hard clay body surface with a slip trailer.
Relief-Sigillaten were rotated in biscuit-fired, porous form bowls, which were fixed on the potter’s wheel.
These jars (e.g. the rasp bowls) vary from the Sigillata-ware. More course-grained clay is used and the jars are burnt without glazed slip.